IN a time dominated by news on COVID-19, the burning of Moria Refugee Camp in Lesvos, the closure of arrival ports in countries such as Italy and Malta, restrictions on movement, peaceful assembly, privacy and freedom of expression in countries like Thailand and Hong Kong, are only a few examples of the consequences of strict lockdown measures. The longer-term effects of the pandemic for countries and people around the world are still not fully known or understood. Nevertheless, what these examples show is that those who are living in precarious situations require even greater attention in these uncertain times.
While the pandemic illustrates the connectivity and fluidity of the world and our mutual dependencies, we are also being subjected to increased protection measures in the fight against the virus. We are, in effect, shutting down and shutting out others.
As we are mobilising and anticipating the scale and impact of the pandemic, this “Motherland” issue of the new Parangolé journal seeks to share research and examples of the complex and interlinked issues facing people who are the most at risk.
In the face of conflict, economic hardship, and environmental disasters, people have relocated, either voluntarily or by force, throughout time. Either to seek refuge or to find a better life away from home. Economic, political and security considerations represent often overlapping motivations for leaving. People might be moving in anticipation of or during violence, environmental disasters, or economic collapse, often as a result of protracted conflict and instability. The scale and nature of migration and displacement today is vast and increasing. Current estimates suggest that there are 272 million international migrants globally, equating to 3.5% of the world’s population, with more people migrating to other countries than ever before. Global displacement is further at a record high, with the number of internally displaced at over 41 million, and the number of refugees approaching 26 million. A large share of movement across borders is to neighbouring countries or countries in the same region.
This first issue of Parangolé journal presents research, reporting, photojournalism, and design interventions that explore and identify some of the many forms these transitory and permanent conditions take. The journal is divided in two. The first part looks at the Fluid – Permanence dimension of movement; the various ways migration and displacement take form and contribute to shaping urban landscapes across the world. The second part looks at State Control; how cross-border movement of people is governed and controlled by authorities. Between the two parts, the From Research to Design section gives examples of how we can engage with some of these issues through evidence-based design.
With text contributions by: Nishat Awan, Naseem Badiey, Synne Bergby, Bjørn Enge Bertelsen, Charlot Boonekamp, Alfredo Brillembourg, Karen Büscher, Marielly Casanova, Tings Chak, Teddy Cruz, Mandisi Disi Sindo, Christian Doll, Wooldy Edson Louidor, Fonna Forman, Milena Gomez Kopp, Bjørnar Haveland, Manuel Herz, Alexis Kalagas, Irit Katz, Are John Knudsen, Jonas König, Loren B. Landau, Aya Musmar, Lucas Oesch, Xavier Ribas, Juan Francisco Saldarriaga, Daniel Schwartz, Kai Vöckler, Michael Waldrep, Caroline Wanjiku Kihato, Ida Zeline Lien
Parangole #001 is accompanied by PHOTO REPORTS FROM Iwan Baan, Naseem Badiey, Bjørn Enge Bertelsen, Lorena Branks, Karen Büscher, Tamas Buynovszky, George Castellanos, Teddy Cruz, Mandisi Disi Sindo, Christian Doll, Fonna Forman, Milena Gomez Kopp, Bjørnar Haveland, Irit Katz, Bouchra Khalili, Jonas Koenig, Jona Maier, Lucas Oesch, Klearjos Papanicolau, Sergey Ponomarev, Ronald Rael, Jan Ras, Xavier Ribas, Daniel Schwartz, Marco Tiberio, Donovan Wiley, Ida Zeline Lien
with illustrations by
Bjørnar Haveland, Ebru Sen, Estudio Teddy Cruz + Fonna Forman, Facundo Arboit, Irhana Šehović, Juan Francisco Saldarriaga, Manuel Herz Architects, Marwa al-Sabouni, Nidal Majeed, Tahira Al-Raisi, Tan Ke, Tings Chak, Urban-Think Tank, Xinfei Zhao, Zhuoying Wang, Ziwei Liu
with projects by
EOOS, Fondazione Nicola Trussardi, Tan Ke, Bouchra Khalili, Ziwei Liu, Nidal Majeed, Tahira Al-Raisi, Ebru Sen, Urban-Think Tank, Zhuoying Wang, Xinfei Zhao
PARANGOLE : Motherland
Editor in Chief: Alfredo Brillembourg
Guest editors : Synne Bergby and Ida Zeline Lien
Designed by Marti
English edition: 268 pages, 168 photos, 60 illustrations; 21.6 x 30.5 cm
Copyright @ 2021 Gran Horizonte Media GmbH, Zurich, and authors. All rights reserved.
Copyright @ 2021 Hatje Cantz Verlag, Berlin
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Parangolé #1: Motherland
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